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Indian Historical Personality

Poet and mystic who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.

The son of Maharishi Debendranath Tagore, he early began to write verses and, after several books of songs in the
1880s, wrote Manasi (1890), a collection that marks the maturing of his genius.
In 1891 he went to manage
his father's estates in Shileida and Saiyadpur. He lived there in close contact with village folk, and his sympathy for
their poverty and backwardness was the keynote of much later writing. Stories on 'humble lives and small miseries'
were collected in Galpa Guccha (Bunches of Tales). He also became interested in political and social problems.

Years of sadness (his wife and a son and a daughter died between 1902 and 1907) inspired some of Tagore's best poetry.
The English version of his most famous collection Gitanjali (1910) won him the Noble Prize.

Tagore was also a gifted
composer, setting hundreds of poems to music; and he was among India's foremost painters.
(From Encyclopaedia Britannica)


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