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Sighting the new moon

Assalamu Alaikum

Sighting the New Moon

It is He Who made the sun to be a shining glory and the moon to be a light (of beauty) and measured out stages for her: that ye might know the number of years and the count (of time). Nowise did Allah create this but in truth and righteousness. (Thus) doth He explain his Signs in detail for those who understand.
Al Quran Sura 10 Ayah 5


Abu Umair (R.A) relates :
Due to clouds, we could not see the Shawwal Crescent Moon, so we attained the day as fasting people, when the day was about to end (evening) a trade caravan came to The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and stated that yesterday evening they had sighted the crescent moon and bore witness to this fact; immediately, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordered the people to break their fast and to come to the Eid grounds the following morning to celebrate the Eid.

Books : Abu Dawood, Ibnu majha, Nissaee, Byhaqee, Tharakuthnee, Al Munthaka, Ibnu Hiffaan, & Ahmed.

In the above Quran verse, Allah clearly states that He created the sun and the moon to calculate our days; The Christians have taken the Solar Calendar and Allah has bestowed on the Muslims the Lunar Calendar. According to the scientific research, the Lunar calendar is far more accurate than the Solar calendar. The Solar calendar starts from 12 o’clock midnight and the Lunar calendar from Maghrib (at the setting of the sun each day) so, being the case how could it be possible for the 1st of Ramadhan or the 1st of Shawwal or the 1st of any month to be had on three different days or even four sometimes; this is absurd and foolish. It only shows the people’s ignorance and of not having a proper organized calendar.

When it is the 1st of January in one place, then it is the 1st of January for the entire world; and if its Monday , its Monday for the entire world without any confusion, so also the 1st of Ramadhan will have to be the 1st of Ramadhan for the entire world, without any confusion. The crescent moon is born only once a month and once it is sighted, the Islamic month also begins for the whole world; it is absolutely foolish to say that we have not sighted it so we will not accept it. From the time the crescent is born, it keeps growing till it reaches the full circle and it is not going to be born separately for every different town, city, or country. People will have to be educated to accept the astronomical stations’ broadcast as to the birth of the moon; we should understand that though this station has the clear calculation of the birth of the moon without the slightest of variations to time or place for thousand years and more, they still view the birth of the moon every month to check on any miscalculations or variations, so we could blindly take their calculations to be 100% accurate and format the Lunar calendar in accordance to their perfect calculations; and we would have an accurate universal calendar, Lunar calendar.

Muhammed (s.a.w) from the above quoted hadees which is very clear, did not dispute in this matter, though the caravan people state that they saw the crescent the previous evening Muhammed (s.a.w) ordered the people to break their fast immediately, though there was but an hour or so to complete their day’s fast, he also stated that it is haram to fast once the crescent (new moon) is sighted, and in accordance, he did not ask as to how far away the moon was sighted or say that the crescent was only for the people who sighted it; he very clearly accepted the fact that the crescent was for the entire muslim community; i.e., for the entire world. Just as we celebrate the Jumma prayer in the entire world with a few hours difference in each nation so also it will be Eid for the entire world with a few hours difference; i.e., from Maghrib or the setting of the sun for each nation. – After sighting the new moon in any part of the world, the 1st of the new Islamic month begins for that country which sighted it and then consecutively it will be automatically the 1st of the Islamic month for every other country from Maghrib (or the setting of the sun ) for each place, just as every country when it reaches 12.00 midnight will start the next day in the Christian calendar - In the Islamic calendar the day would begin from Maghrib, consecutively for each country.

Today the rotation and revolution of the sun, moon, and the earth is so accurately calculated that we do not go to see whether the sun has risen or whether the sun is at its peak or whether the sun has set. We just go by the hours calculated through clocks and watches and Islam also allows us to go by these accurately calculated time, so also the birth of the crescent moon is accurately calculated to the extent that even a lunar eclipse which would occur five hundred years from now is accurately calculated. We need not go only by the accurately calculated timings; we have today’s modern facilities like the satellite and the electronic telescope which could also verify as to the birth of the crescent. Just as today most of the ignorant Alims make a great hue & cry to this belief of celebrating the Eid on the same day thru out the world, with the difference of a few hours for every nation; they also made the same hue and cry when watches and clock where invented 300 years back; and they insisted that the time of the prayer should be determined ONLY by sighting the sun and its shadow cast, and it’s rising time, peak time, and setting time etc. etc. but today the public are literate in this issue and we see a prayer chart hanging in every Masjid specifying the time of the 5 times’ prayer for the whole year and nobody is looking at the sun anymore to determine the time of prayer, they just go by the clock and watches. We should understand that the ignorance and the lack of knowledge by the Alims of our society in matters of Duniya(worldly knowledge) is amounting to all the present confusion of our Islamic Society regarding the sighting of the new moon and the likes. Insha Allah, a day will SOON come when the dates of our Eid too would be printed and hanging in every Masjid likewise, along with the single yearly Lunar calendar for the entire world and nobody would be looking for the new moon or its birth, they would just go by the precise accurate lunar calendars which would be hanging in every Masjid.

Once Muhammed (s.a.w) said, “during the time of Dajjal, a day would be a week, a day would be a month, a day would be a year”; meaning that it would take a whole year for the sun to rise and set once. Hearing this, the Sahabas asked “Ya! Rasoolullah will it be sufficient for us then just to observe five times prayer”, meaning for the whole year can we pray just once the five times prayer. To this Muhammed (s.a.w) said, “No, you will have to calculate the timings and pray the whole years prayer”. This Hadees is in Bukhari, Muslim, and many other hadees books. Why I’m quoting this hadees is that Mohammed (s.a.w) has clearly allowed for going by the principles of accurately calculated time in regards to prayer and Eid, fasting, and haj etc. etc. A likely situation today prevails in the Artic and the Antarctic regions of our world where it is six months day light and six months night time. If the people living there were to go by sighting the moon, they would never celebrate their Eid, or fast their Ramalhan fastings, they can only go by the accurately calculated time which Islam PERMITS. And if the Muslims can realize this factor then we could have just ONE accurate Islamic Calendar (Lunar calendar) for the whole world and this would be a far more accurate Calendar than the Christian Solar calendar and Muslims all over the world would be able to celebrate Eid on the same day, but for a few hours difference just as Jummah, New year etc. etc. Please educate your family and the public as to this.

May Allah guide us to the proper understanding of His flawless religion and enable us to follow it implicitly with ease and comfort with the deepest of eeman in our hearts (ameen ameen ameen valhumdulillahi Rabbil Aalameen ).

Please forward this to as many Muslims as possible.

JAZZAKALLAH KHAIRAN


Love & regards
A.H.Nazeer Ahmed

Please do visit my Website:
www.basicofislam.com - Insha Allah you would gain Tremendously (Aameen)


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