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DOS Tutorial ◄┘

Learning MS-DOS Basics - A quick Tutorial

What is DOS?
MS-DOS is a "Disk Operating System". That means it is simply: "a System for Operating the Disks", (but MS-SOD doesn't sound as nice). In practice however, just as Windows does more than just print windows, DOS does more than just operate the disks: It enables the user to organise data files, load and execute (run) program files, and control the input and output devices attached to the computer. There are other brands of DOS besides the most well known "MS-DOS", ie: PC-DOS, DR-DOS/OPENDOS. Generally speaking, they will all function in the same way, especially at the most simple level.

There are 2 basic ways to open Dos.
1) Start → Programs → Accessories → Command Prompt c:\>
2) "Window Key" + "R" key Run command box will open type there "cmd" then press enter
Note:If you are using windows 98 or older versiom of windows then type "command" in run command box

C:\>
This is called the command prompt or DOS prompt. The flashing underscore next to the command prompt is called the cursor. The cursor shows where the command you type will appear.

Note:"◄┘" This symbol means yiu have to press enter key.

These are all the basic commands you can try.

To minimise Dos.
Alt+◄┘

To come out of 2 default directories.
CD\◄┘

To come out of 1 default directories.
CD\..◄┘

To clear screen
cls◄┘

To see or change current date.
date◄┘

To see or change current time.
time◄┘

To see the current drive name.
vol◄┘

To change the current drive name.
label◄┘

To change the cursor
prompt◄┘

For help
help◄┘

To see the list of Folder & File
dir◄┘

To see the folder page wise
dir/p◄┘

To see the list of files and folder width wise
dir/w◄┘

To see list of directories
dir/ad◄┘

To see the list of Files
dir/a-d◄┘

To see the list of hidden folders and files
dir/ah◄┘

To see thelist of files contaning particular word
dir a*◄┘

To see the files and folders in decending order
dir/o-d◄┘

To see only files
dir/ a-d

To make directory or Folder
md jay◄┘
(md space where jay is folder name)

To go inside directory/folder
cd jay◄┘
◙----------------◙

To make file in a folder
copy con coolhunk◄┘
(where coolhunk is file name)
Then type some text in that file.
then to save file "coolhunk"
Press ctrl+Z◄┘
now you will come out of that file

To edit that file coolhunk
edit coolhunk

◙----------------◙
GIVING ATTRIBUTES TO FILE COOLHUNK
LIKE HIDE AND READ ONLY
_
To make file read-only
attrib +r coolhunk

To remove read-only command
attrib -r coolhunk

To hide a file
attrib +h coolhunk

To remove read-only command
attrib -h coolhunk

◙----------------◙

To remame a folder
ren jay◄┘
(where jay is folder name)
first come out of folder then rename
To come out of folder.
CD\..◄┘

To see all dir in tree format
Tree

To see all dir in a folder tree format
Tree jay◄┘
(where jay is folder name)

◙----------------◙
path technique

Well going in the folder making folder and going in that folder and making file it consumes lot of time & energy instead you can use path technique.

Here you can use path technique
like
· . C:\>
· . · |
· . |¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯|
· . jay . · . · . fruit
· . · |
· . Coolhunk(file)

Note: Above shown is a tree format diagram in that C:\> is 'c' drive, jay & fruit are folder & coolhunk is a file.

To edit coolhunk
C:\>edit jay\coolhunk

To make folder "flower" in jay
C:\>md jay\flower

◙----------------◙

To copy file coolhunk to folder fruit
copy jay\coolhunk fruit\◄┘

Note: copy and paste

◙----------------◙

To move file coolhunk to folder fruit
move jay\coolhunk fruit\◄┘

Note:Cut & Paste

◙----------------◙

To clear screen
cls◄┘

To exit
exit◄┘

For help
help◄┘

For more help
prompt/?
rd/?◄┘
help

article by
-Jay Sean

email: seanawake@gmail.com
visit http:/coolhunk.pep.zone

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