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hvar august hvar - Building


Hvar is an island of the Middle Dalmatian group of islands. It has surface of 299,16 km2. The island is 68 km long, and the biggest width is 10,5 km.

Hvar lies between islands Brač, Vis, Korčula, penniunsula Pelješec and Makarska riviera. In front of the west side of the south coast there are Pakleni otoci (Hell's islands). The north coast of the island, with vast Starigrad bay and numerous coves is much more indented than the south one. Climate is mild Meditarranean and there are the most sunny days in the year of all islands in Adriatic sea.

Beside bare stone grounds, macchia grows sporadiccally; in lower part holly oak grows, Alepian pine and other evergreen plants. There are no water flows on the island, and the highest peak is Saint Nicholas. (626 m). The majority of settlements developed around Velo polje, and bigger settlements lie at the coast (Hvar, Stari Grad, Jelsa, Vrboska). Inhabitants are engaged in agriculture: olives, wine growing, fig trees and lavanda. Tourism is especially developed in the towns Hvar, Jelsa and Stari Grad.

Bigger settlements are connected by the road, and coastal settlements have shipping lines with the ports on the land and neighbouring islands. Hvar had been inhabited since the Neolitic agre (caves Grapčeva, Pokrivenik and Markova). Greeks founded Faros colony (Stari Grad) and Dimos (Hvar) on the island. In 7th century Slavic tribe neretljani inhabited the island. In the following centuries the island was under the rule of Byzantium, Venice and Hungarian kings etc. In 1278. it came under protection of Venice. During Napoleion wars it was occupied by Austrians, French, Englishmen and again Austrians. As the rest of Dalmatia it was under the rule of Austria, i.e. Austria-Hungary from 1815-1918., and from 1918-1922 under Italian rule.

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