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¤¤¤History of Punjab¤¤¤

Punjab is said to have derived its name from the five rivers that flow through this region.The indus,the sutlej,the beas,the ravi and the ghaggar. Which water this state make it a part of the northern for tile plain. Prior to persion period this region was known by different times. Irabably,AT the height of its glory it was known as sapta sindhu, land of the seven rivers, namely sindhu (indus), vitasta (jehlum), asuhi(chenab) ,purshin(ravi), vipasa(beas), satadru(sutlej) and saruri(saraswati). The last one is a dried up stream now and its traces are found in the present seasonal streams that flow near pehowa in haryana. Durin greek occupation, the territory had shrunk into the area covering the five rivers. It was a region that formed parts of the indus valley civilization. The aryans setteled in this region in about 1500BC.

It was in about 900B.C. that the battle of kurukshetra nentioned in the epic mahabharta was becived to have taken place in kurushetra. During this period the region formed small principulities ruled by chieftains. In 326BC Alexander the great of mace donia invaded punjab. After this was the rule of chandragupta maurya that lasted till about 1st century A.D. By 318A.D the gupta dy nasty exercised their influence. They were followed by the huns in about 500A.D. By 1000A.D. the muslims invaded punjab led by mehmood of ghazni in 1030A.D. the Rajputs gained control of the territory. In about 1192A.D. the ghoris defeated the chauhans and ruled till the establishment of the mugal rule, a spirit of religious liberation led to the rise of the militant sikh power. In the early, 19th century the brísh established their influence.
After independence this of property. In 1947 when india was partitioned, the larger half of punjab went to pakistan. In 1966 the indian smaller half was further deveded into thre: PUNJAB, HARYANA and HINACHAL PARDESH.

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