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One day, Abraham woke
up and asked his wife
Hajar to get her son
and prepare for a long
journey. In a few days
Abraham started out
with his wife Hajar and
their son Ishmael. The
child was still nursing
and not yet weaned.
Abraham walked
through cultivated land,
desert, and mountains
until he reached the
desert of the Arabian
Peninsula and came to
an uncultivated valley
having no fruit, no
trees, no food, no
water. The valley had
no sign of life. After
Abraham had helped his
wife and child to
dismount, he left them
with a small amount of
food and water which
was hardly enough for 2
days. He turned around
and walked away. He
wife hurried after him
asking: "Where are you
going Abraham, leaving
us in this barren
Abraham did not answer
her, but continued
walking. She repeated
what she had said, but
he remained silent.
Finally she understood
that he was not acting
on his own initiative.
she realized that Allah
had commanded him to
do this. She asked him :
"Did Allah command you
to do so?" He replied:
"Yes." Then his great
wife said: "We are not
going to be lost, since
Allah Who has
commanded you is with
Abraham invoked
Almighty Allah thus: "O
Our Lord! I have made
some of my offspring to
dwell in a valley with no
cultivation, by Your
Sacred House (the Ka'ba
at Mecca); in order, O
our Lord, that they may
offer prayers perfectly
(Iqamat as salat) so fill
some hearts among men
with love towards
them, and O Allah
provide them with
fruits so that they may
give thanks. O our Lord!
Certainly, You know
what we conceal and
what we reveal. Nothing
on the earth or in the
heavens is hidden from
Allah." (Ch 14:37-38)
Ibn Abbas narrated:
"The first lady to use a
girdle was the mother
of Ishmael. she used a
girdle so that she might
hide her tracks from
Sarah (by dragging it).
Abraham brought her
and her son Ishmael
while she was suckling
him to a place near the
Kaba under a tree on
the spot of ZamZam at
the highest place in the
mosque. During those
days there was nobody
in Mecca, nor was there
any water so he made
them sit over there and
placed near them a
leather bag containing
some dates and a small
water skin containing
some water and set out
homeward. Ishmael's
mother followed him
saying: "O Abraham!
Where are you going,
leaving us in this valley
where there is no
person whose company
we may enjoy, nor is
there anything to
enjoy?" she repeated
that to him many times,
but he did not look
back at her. Then she
asked him : "Has Allah
ordered you to do so?"
He said: "Yes." She then
said: "Then HE will not
neglect us," and
returned while Abraham
proceeded onwards. On
reaching the Thaniya
where they could not
see him, he faced the
Kaba and raising both
hands, invoked Allah
saying the following
prayers: "O our Lord! I
have made some of my
offspring dwell in a
valley without
cultivation, by Your
Sacred House (Kaba at
Mecca) in order, O our
Lord that they may
offer prayer perfectly.
So fill some hearts
among men with love
towards them, and O
Allah provide them with
fruits so that they may
give thanks." (Ch 14:37)
Ibn Abbas's narration
continued; "Ishmael's
mother went on
suckling Ishmael and
drinking from the water
(she had) When the
water in the water skin
had been used up, she
became thirsty and her
child also became
thirsty, She started
looking at him (Ishmael)
tossing in agony. She
left him, for she could
not endure looking at
him, and found that the
mountain of As-Safa
was the nearest
mountain to her on
that land. she too on it
and started looking at
the valley keenly so
that she might see
somebody, but she
could not see anybody.
Then she descended for
As Safa and when she
reached the valley, she
tucked up her robe and
ran in the valley like a
person in distress and
trouble till she crossed
the valley and reached
the mountain of Al
Marwa. There she stood
and started looking
expecting to see
somebody, but she
could not see anybody.
she repeated that
running between Safa
And Marwa seven
The prophet Muhammad
(pbuh) said: "This is the
source of the tradition
of the Sa'y (rituals of
the hajj, pilgrimage) the
going of people
between them (As-Safa
and Al-Marwa). When
she reached Al Marwa
(for the last time) she
heard a voice and she
asked herself to be
quiet and listened
attentively. She heard
the voice again and
said: "O whoever you
maybe! You have made
me hear your voice;
have you got something
to help me?" And
behold! She saw an
angel at the place of
Zam zam, digging the
earth with his heel (or
his wing) till water
flowed from that place.
She started to make
something like a basin
around it, using her
hand in this way, and
started filling her water
skin with water with
her hands and the
water was flowing out
water she had scooped
some of it."
The Prophet (pbuh)
added: "May Allah
bestow mercy on
Ishmael's mother! Had
she let the zam-zam
flow without trying to
control it, or had she
not scooped from that
water to fill her water
skin, Zam zam would
have been a stream
flowing on the surface
of the earth."
The Prophet (pbuh)
continued: "Then she
drank water and
suckled her child. The
angel said to her: "Don't
be afraid of being
neglected, for this is
the House of Allah which
will be built by this boy
and his father, and Allah
never neglects His
people." The House
(Kaba) at that time was
on a high place
resembling a hillock, and
when torrents came,
they flowed to its right
and left.
"She lived in that way
till some people from
the tribe of Jurhum or
a family from Jurhum
passed by her and her
child as they (the
Jurhum people) were
coming through the way
of Kada. they landed in
the lower part of Mecca
where they saw a bird
that had the habit of
flying around water and
not leaving it. they said:
"this bird must be flying
around water, though
we know that there is
no water in this valley."
They sent one or two
messengers who
discovered the source
of water and returned
to inform them of the
water. SO they all came
towards the water.
Ishmael's mother was
sitting near the water.
They asked her: "Do you
allow us to stay with
you?" She replied: "Yes,
but you will have no
right to possess the
water." They agreed to
that. Ishmael's mother
was pleased with the
whole situation, as she
used to love to enjoy
the company of the
people, so they settled
there, and later on
they sent for their
families who came and
settled with them so
that some families
became permanent
residents there. The
child (Ishmael) grew up
and learned Arabic from
them and (his virtues)
caused them to love
and admire him as he
grew up and when he
reached the age of
puberty they made him
marry a woman from
amongst them."
The Prophet (pbuh)
continued: "After
Ishmael's mother had
died, Abraham came
after Ishmael's marriage
in order to see his
family that he had left
before but he did not
find Ishmael there. When
he asked Ishmael's wife
about him, she replied:
"He has gone in search
of livelihood." Then he
asked her about their
way of living and their
condition, and she
replied, "We are living in
misery; we are living in
hardship and
destitution,' complaining
to him. He said: "When
your husband returns,
convey my salutations
to him and tell him to
change the threshold of
the gate (of his house).'
"When Ishmael came, he
seemed to have felt
something unusual, so
he asked his wife: 'Has
anyone visited you?'
she replied, 'Yes, an old
man of such and such
description came and
asked me about you
and I informed him and
he asked about our
state of living and I
told him that we were
living in a hardship and
poverty.' On that
Ishmael said: 'Did he
advise you anything?'
She said: 'Yes he told
me to convey his
salutation to you and
to tell you to change
the threshold of your
gate.' Ishmael said: 'It
was my father and he
has ordered me to
divorce you. Go back to
your family.' so, Ishmael
divorced her and
married another woman
from among them
"Then Abraham stayed
away from them for a
period as long as Allah
wished and called on
them again but did not
find Ishmael. So he came
to Ishmael's wife and
asked her about
Ishmael. She said: 'he
has gone in sof our
livelihood.' Abraham
asked her; 'how are you
getting on?' asking her
about their sustenance
and living. she replied:
'we are prosperous and
well off (we have
everything in
abundance).' then she
thanked Allah. Abraham
said: 'What kind of food
do you eat?' she said:
'meat.' he said: 'what do
you drink?' she ...

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