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keops - Best pictures

:*: The mysteries of the Great Pyramid:*:

The building served as a tomb for the pharaoh Quéope, but today is not a trace of him inside. Only a small inscription appears to confirm that the construction of the pyramid was carried out by the living god.
But surprisingly for a body to bury be done, such grandiose construction. Though perhaps the intention was to protect the treasures of the robbers, belongings and body of the pharaoh. Even so surprised that the ancient Egyptians were able to make the great pyramid of no further value. Many say that could be an astronomical observatory, or it was a stairway to heaven. But ultimately the main question is how the great pyramid was built.
CONSTRUCTION OF THE GREAT PYRAMID AS HERODOTO: To build the pyramid took twenty years. Is square. It presents a face on each side of eight meters and a height. It is perfectly assembled and polished stones, measuring no less than thirty feet. The pyramid was built in tiers, called battlements or altars. And when it came to the top of the building, climbed the stones would be made of wood with small machines. Rose from the ground to the first floor, from where he took the second floor and another machine. The machines were so many floors as bleachers. So ended the first highest, then close them and finally touched the ground, the lowest. An inscription in the Egyptian pyramid lets me know how much has been spent in onions and garlic for workers. And if I remember rightly regard the interpreter told me while I read the inscription, was paid six hundred thousand talents of silver. If this is true, how much will not be spent on the instruments with which they worked in the food and clothing workers? Because I have already said time was needed to build these works. And to cut the stones, transport, digging underground, was needed, in my opinion, another similar period of time.
According to experts ramps were used to move the huge stones from the quarry to the construction site. Actually, the pyramid was accompanied by a complex funerary monuments and unique and exclusively designed to mummification of the pharaoh.
Thousands of workers had to live in the south of the Giza plateau, during construction of the great pyramid. Can you imagine thousands of workers working in perfect coordination to complete one of the 7 wonders of the world in just 23 years? (23 years took the reign of Cheops). But how these workers built the great pyramid?. How could drag stones weighing between two and seventy tons and climb to more than 140 meters tall? (40 floors). There are several theories that seek to answer these questions. It is believed that due to use some kind of ramp. If the slide had been placed on the side of the pyramid, it should have been developing in his first 840 meters in length, the equivalent of seven football fields that could be sufficiently functional. But it seems unlikely because the ramp should have been increasing in length as it went up the pyramid, each time this happens all the work would be paralyzed. If it works well, imagine the great ramp used.
The theory is the more likely that says Egyptologist at the University of Yale, Mark Lehner, who says that the only way likely to begin near the ramp of the pyramid, as the construction progressed it would go this screwing around the until you reach the top. Once there, workers remove the ramp while polishing the sides down.
The truth is that it seems that polishing the pyramid was beginning from above, a proof of this is the pyramid Micerinos. The smallest of the pyramids is unfinished, polished by the lack of it, the rest is completely finished. Another expert says that pulleys used for lifting the huge moles. Some mechanisms pulleys at the top, and with a counterweight on the opposite side and down the stone to go up. The problem with this theory is that it has not found any other pulleys or anything like that. All that has been found in the area are a handful of primitive tools of wood and copper. Wooden mallets and chisels copper polishing stones of the pyramid. On the other hand, had to go machacadores first giving way to each stone.
The stones are placed with such precision that you can not introduce a piece of paper between them. It seems impossible that without any measuring devices and tools such rough stones placed at the bottom corner with such precision. Their measuring devices were some holes cut in the floor of the pyramid which means their stakes which keys where to draw lines on a grid for greater accuracy. Then the old stonecutters escavaban gutters on the floor of the plateau in order to place the base of the pyramid. Measuring holes were drilled in the stone, but that tool is unknown. According to some researchers the tool should have a strength and accuracy, "impossible" for that time.
Inside the great pyramid builders left a number of passages. They were discovered in 1820. The various galleries seem to have been made aware not to facilitate entry to potential visitors. Within the higher chamber, there are ancient inscriptions of teams. Some of the stones are placed between the stamps together to see if they know that it was shifting and reliable construction. Had thought of everything. (photo stamps captured stones). But the evidence seems to confirm that the pyramid was built for Queope is one of the ends of the chamber where the cartridge is written that contains the name of Pharaoh in ancient Egyptian.
Once built the pyramid, I was ready to house the body of the pharaoh. Life in ancient Egypt, it was only a prelude to another life, not leaving anything to chance, before embarking on the journey to the realm of Osiris, the guardian of the underground world body should be prepared, in a process that lasted seventy days, the first body was covered with a saline solution to absorb any moisture, then extracting vital organs and vessels were kept in CANopen, liquefied and the brain was extracted with a hook by the nostrils, but the heart is remains intact, because it was believed to be the center of knowledge and evidence for the trial end. When the priest had finished, had turned to a man who considered the eternal thing, something we call mummy.
Bones of skeletons have been found between the passages of the pyramids, bones 5000 years old, bones of human beings as yours or mine, had no antennas, no remains have been found alien or anything like that, people were human like us.
What is certain is that they were responsible for the seventh wonderful world of the Pyramid of Giza.

By: David Magraner.


Los misterios de la Gran Pirámide

La construcción sirvió como tumba para el faraón Quéope, pero hoy no queda rastro de él en su interior. Sólo una pequeña inscripción parece confirmar que la construcción de la pirámide corrió a cargo de este dios viviente.
Pero sorprende que para dar sepultura a un cuerpo se realizara, tal grandiosa construcción. Aunque quizás la intención fuera resguardar de los ladrones los tesoros, pertenencias y el cuerpo del faraón. Aun así sorprende que los antiguos egipcios fueran capaces de realizar la gran pirámide sin otra utilidad. Muchos aseguran que podría ser un observatorio astronómico, o que era una escalera a los cielos. Pero en definitiva la incógnita principal es como se construyó la gran pirámide.
LA CONSTRUCCIÓN DE LA GRAN PIRAMIDE SEGUN HERODOTO: Para la construcción de la pirámide fueron necesarios veinte años. Es cuadrada. Presenta en cada lado una cara de ocho metros y una misma altura. Es de piedras pulidas y perfectamente ensambladas, ninguna de medida inferior a treinta pies. Esta pirámide fue construida en gradas, llamadas almenas o altares. Y cuando se llegaba a la cima de la construcción , las piedras restantes se subían con máquinas hechas de maderos pequeñas. Se levantaron del suelo al primer piso, desde donde se llevaban al segundo piso y a otra máquina. Las máquinas eran tantas como pisos de gradas. De modo que se terminaron primero las partes más altas, luego las más cercanas a esas y por último las que tocaban el suelo, las más bajas. Una inscripción egipcia en la pirámide me permite saber cuánto se ha gastado en cebollas y ajos para los trabajadores. Y si no recuerdo mal cuanto me decía el intérprete mientras leía la inscripción, se pagaron mil seiscientos talentos de plata. Si esto es cierto, ¿cuánto no se habrá gastado en los instrumentos con los que se trabajaba, en la comida y las ropas de los trabajadores? Porque ya he dicho el tiempo que fue necesario para edificar estas obras. Y para cortar las piedras, transportarlas, excavar bajo tierra, se debió necesitar, a mi parecer, otro periodo de tiempo similar.
Según los expertos se utilizaron rampas para trasladar las enormes piedras desde la cantera hasta el lugar de la contrucción. Realmente, la pirámide estaba acompañada por un complejo funerario y monumentos destinados única y esclusivamente a la momificación del faraón.
Miles de obreros tuvieron que vivir en la parte sur de la meseta de guiza, durante la construcción de la gran pirámide. ¿Os imagináis miles de trabajadores en perfecta coordinación trabajando para completar una de las 7 maravillas del mundo en tan solo 23 años? (23 años duró el reinado de Keops). Pero, ¿cómo construyeron estos obreros la gran pirámide?. ¿Como podían arrastrar piedras de peso comprendido entre dos y setenta toneladas de peso y subirlas a más de 140 metros de altura? (40 pisos). Existen diversas teorías que pretenden contestar a estas preguntas. Se cree que debieron utilizar algún tipo de rampa. Si la rampa se hubiera colocado en el lateral de la pirámide, ésta debería haber tenido en su primer desarrollo una longitud de 840 metros, el equivalente a siete campos de fútbol para que hubiera podido ser lo bastante funcional. Pero parece poco probable ya que esta rampa debería haber ido aumentando de longitud conforme se iba subiendo por la pirámide, cada vez que sucediera esto se paralizaría toda la obra. Si funcionaron así, imaginad la gran rampa que utilizaron.
La teoría más probable es la que afirma el egiptólogo de la universidad de Yale, Mark Lehner, quien afirma que la única forma probable es que la rampa empezaría cerca de la pirámide, a medida que la construcción avanzaba esta se iría enroscando alrededor de la esta hasta llegar a la cima. Una vez allí, los trabajadores desmontaban la rampa puliendo los lados mientras descendían.
La verdad es que parece ser que para pulir la pirámide se empezaba desde arriba, una prueba de ello es la pirámide de ...

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